In general, the following ten path direction is towards Chinese wisdom made from industrial manufacturing only way, but for different industries and different businesses, due to the different market demand patterns, processes different products, different management infrastructure and so on, the focus was different, but always from a practical way to identify the few leading intelligent manufacturing. Lean lean production, the first is for the many varieties of small quantities of individual needs and design, its two pillars is the “just in time” and “intelligent automation.” So far, Lean has evolved into a lean management concepts and methods of marketing, research and development, supply chain, the whole value chain of the production process and the business involved, led to the transformation of the global industry, from manufacturing to services, she pursued the “eliminate waste and create value” of ideas, methods and tools to promote the optimal allocation of productive resources, access to quality, increase efficiency and fast response speed. Unfortunately, Lean has not been effectively implemented in many Chinese enterprises, mostly because of quick success and the lack of experience in importing methods, we can not stick with it halfway. In the electronics industry, the average inventory turnover time Chinese companies is 51 days, while the United States, compared with eight days; in the textile and garment industry, the average inventory turnover time Chinese enterprises for 120 days. In other words, even if the profit margin being equal, the return on investment will be lower. Intelligent Manufacturing not be built on such inefficient production model, Lean is the first step that must be taken, but also the highest return on investment path. Because Lean companies make almost no additional investment, but re-allocation of production resources on the existing basis can get beyond the imagination of return. The successful implementation of lean is not difficult, the key is determination and change management concepts of leadership.
standardization Standardization is an automated basis, is the premise of intelligent manufacturing. Domestic enterprises sigh degree of automation high automotive industry, why are so complex automotive products can be, and home appliance products but it’s not that simple, an important reason why standardization. Automotive industry generally take a common platform, common parts and components and other strategies which greatly reduces the cost of the product. By the original parts were changed according to vehicle production method according to vehicle production parts, that is standardized components to achieve mass production, cost reduction success. Domestic enterprises do not pay attention or do not realize the importance of standardization. For example, a simple screw, there are dozens of cartons hundreds of specifications, inventoryAnd component costs will be high. From R & D absolutely no control, the development of a new product or a new person, it is free to add new components, the lack of a standardized process and product database. Of course, further comprising standardized standardized processes and practices, with standardization, automation can be developed accordingly, such as automatic welding, automatic assembly, parts assume ever-changing operation mode is not fixed, it will be difficult to achieve automation, to achieve even cost is also high. The modular automotive and computer industry is the first modular, from the modular design, modular procurement to modular production, modular intelligent manufacturing is the key to low cost can be achieved to meet the individual consumer. If, once achieved, the true sense of personalized products will become possible, such as mobile phones, everyone’s phone can be unique, it can be assembled like building blocks, like any combination of their favorite handset. Modular reduces the complexity of the design, procurement to production, standardized interfaces and connections increased versatility, reduced manufacturing costs and cycle time, automated production, logistics and information communication more easily achieved. As before every mobile phone brand of charger is different, a change phones all thrown away, resulting in tremendous waste, there is now improved. Modular relatively difficult to implement Control Engineering Copyright , involving industry and corporate standards require upstream and downstream enterprises to participate, this is a long-term job, so lean build each other’s strategic partners relations is particularly important. Automation Automation is intelligent manufacturing the most talked about, many local governments and enterprises vividly called the “machine substitutions”, also made constant attempts, there are successes and failures. Enterprises may be discrete processing mode of the original material handling by innovation, integration, the original independent steps are connected together by automated production lines, the implementation of lean type of continuous production, to eliminate the middle part of the loading and unloading, storage and handling, production speed and productivity will increase. But there are discovered after the commissioning of cost has not decreased but increased substantially, although the operator to reduce the , but maintenance personnel increased due to the economic downturn in the market downturn, leading to depreciation and capacity planning energy costs have risen sharply, it is difficult to recover the investment, is facing pressure loss. Automation and information technology is part of the realization of the largest investment of intelligent manufacturing. Before doing business automation transformation must be careful, why should upgrade automation? ROI is how much (a reasonable return on investment should be controlled in less than 5 years)? How reliable automation equipment? What are the risks? The upgrading of products to adapt to it? Must think about it, otherwise it costs rise, not fall. Many companies invest after the premature failure frequently found devices, or equipment does not work well launched, not as flexible manual operation, the result of hundreds of thousands, millions input devices are wayward shelved, such invalidity or even investment caused the collapse of the enterprise. With the advances in technology and labor costs, automation is an irreversible trend. For different industries in different companies , and some mature automation solutions, others do not, companies need to plan with their own situation automate direction. Part of the return on investment from the largest and easiest to implement to start, of course, but also with stated before standardization and modular, and meet the requirements of lean production, optimizing the corresponding production process, step by step, progressive advance, and not be too hasty, blindly follow the trend . Services of China currently has more than 600 million Internet users, 700 million smart terminals, the booming mobile Internet has accelerated the transition from manufacturing to services. American advocates of “Industrial Internet,” the people, data, and connect the machine , the formation of an open and global industrial network, its meaning has gone beyond the manufacturing process itself as well as manufacturing, product life span the entire value chain cycle, covering aviation, energy, transportation, medical and other more industrial fields. In addition, manufacturers can also networked device data monitoring, analysis and improvement of the design and manufacturing equipment, improve product reliability and efficiency. Of course, different industries for different products, content and services vary widely, under Internet + mode, traditional companies need to innovate business models to find a way for their service to impress customers. Personalized past 30 years, the rapid expansion of the type of market goods dozens, hundreds of times, this is an era of personalized consumer, everyone can have their own blog, microblogging, letters, spread their voice. Personalized itself is not a new word, as early as a hundred years ago people would make a personalized merchandise through workshops, personalized difficulty is the need to achieve to achieve mass production of low cost and high quality. Consumers directly onlineOr telephone orders, choose your favorite style, production and delivery according to custom orders. Will effectively reduce inventory, operating costs are reduced by more than half than that. High-quality, low-cost personalized achieved first of all depends on your level of lean production, lean is advocated “pull value from real customer needs.” Secondly, depending on your personalized achieve standardization and modular design. The rapid development of the Internet and other information technologies to provide the support that can be easily personalized to achieve. At the moment, the individualized or personalized limited conditions, can not be completely personalized, whether it is cars, computers, mobile phones or clothing and other goods, personalization is selected within a certain range. Every business needs according to their lean level of standardization / modularity and the level of information to determine their own personalized model, not the more personalized the better, it is built on the basis of certain conditions of implementation. Perhaps the future of 3D printing and artificial intelligence may be able to provide a completely personalized. Competition ecological companies are gradually transformed from a single enterprise between the competition between the supply chain and even between ecosystems. Kevin Kelly in the “out of control” wrote: “The tide of the alliance between big business, especially in information and networking among industry, the world economy is growing and the co-evolution of a side, rather than eat or compete with rivals ., as an alliance – symbiosis symbiotic …… control of the future are: partnership, cooperative control, human-machine hybrid control, human beings share control with our creation of “globalization in today’s connected world, when you companies to achieve a certain scale CONTROL ENGINEERING China Copyright , need to consider the global allocation of resources, in order to improve efficiency and reduce costs. Global resources include market resources, design resources, sourcing and production resources. China’s “along the way” market strategy is to find the resources of globalization, export our surplus production capacity, including high-speed rail technology. Design Resources is setting up overseas R & D center, close to the local development of product design or compensate for the lack of domestic capacity, but also a global 24-hour product development, shorten the development cycle, such as Huawei, Haier, Lenovo and other companies are the establishment of foreign R & D institutions. Procurement and production resources to seek better quality, lower-cost global supplier of materials, in addition to considering the procurement and manufacturingMade outside the unit price, but also need to consider increasing transportation costs, complicate the supply chain, supply chain visibility, lengthening lead times, higher inventories, environmental emissions, quality stability, local labor policy and exchange rate fluctuations and other issues. Digital with digital information technology is closely related to, and automation, this is the largest investment in intelligent manufacturing transition piece. With the ever-changing information technology, anything can be digitized, from the people, products to equipment, and is connected to everything. People can be identified by face recognition technology, before it can be static, now you can walk around the course to be identified. Products by PLM / ERP software, from product development and design, procurement of materials to production and delivery of the entire process of digitization, each a product drawings, each material information, each production processes are connected together digitally. The device can run the data through the PLC, sensors, etc. will be passed MES, such as the Internet network, GE Aircraft Engines can be returned data analysis to optimize its operating parameters to reduce fuel costs, Google driverless car can be achieved. This means that in the “Industry 4.0” era, the first time it is possible to resources, information, goods and people were interoperability through digital! This communication includes the exchange of information between people, people and products, people and machines, products and machines, machine and machines. Imagine the future of your next APP by a personalized product orders, the manufacturer through CRM / ERP received the order information, order information is passed to the PLM system, product simulation model was designed, product and material information into the ERP and MES system, suppliers are beginning to pull back production material, the material was produced by the plant to the network, into the automated production lines, equipment for processing in accordance with the instructions of MES system, then finished off the assembly line by things delivered to your hands. “Industry 4.0” is the manufacture of digital and network, combined with the manufacturing technology through IT technology to create intelligent plant, the production has become highly flexible and personalized, increase productivity and efficiency of resource use. German declared that “the true arrival of Industry 4.0 may require a period of about 20 years,” For China, this time to estimate longer, we still have a lot of companies still in the stage of 2.0, 3.0, I think it takes at least 30 years. Digital, or “Industry 4.0” in mind, this is a big trend, although currently only implements the communication between people, other communication tools neededPreparation of many conditions, such as data transfer protocol and standardized metrics, strong infrastructure, data transmission security, legal protection, talent pool, etc., but the emergence of autonomous vehicles allows us to see hope. Each different industry characteristics and firm basis, to digitize the order is different. I think those type of process manufacturing industries such as food, paper, chemicals, electric power, can go ahead, because most of their manufacturing process has been connected mode, and a high degree of automation, some devices may have been automatically collect data, digital difficulty is relatively small. For discrete manufacturing industries such as machinery and equipment, textiles and garments, electronic appliances, household items, etc., due to the manufacturing process, parts are scattered, but a huge number, really want to achieve connection difficulties, even though implementation cost will be very large. For promising practices in these industries are not in one step, gradually realize. Lean prior art continuous production step and connecting the main material. For example, the first high-speed rail and highway connections must be a second-tier cities, followed by another three or four-tier cities. You can access the digitized first set point between the factory and workshop are among the key processes between the critical material, and finally each step, each material. Intelligent Intelligent contains two meanings, one is intelligent products, and the other is the intelligent manufacturing process. Let me talk about intelligent product. Intelligent provide direction for the industrial and consumer upgrades. And China has become the world’s largest Internet country, coupled with the Government continue to promote network speed down costs, provides a network environment for hardware intelligent. Everything is ready, only a strong “traditional products + intelligent”, from smart phones, smart TV, wearable, smart glass to smart cars, smart robots, companies need continuous technological innovation, investment in intelligent products. Compared with the intelligent consumer products, industrial products and intelligent in fact more urgent. All devices need to add intelligent control module, for processing automated data collection, analysis and control, with standard data interface can be connected with enterprise MES systems or other information systems, these large industrial data through the operation analysis of intelligent software system will help to improve operational efficiency, reduce failures, reduce energy consumption. Intelligent manufacturing process more complicated, you need to complete the above mentioned lean, standardized, modular, investments into automation and digitization, automation and digitization will be veryBig. Smart manufacturing is a complex system, each industry every business should explore their own model, you do not have one step, you can gradually increase the lean, standardized, the level of modularity, automation and digitization, it is important to find out and the reason you do this the right return on investment. The next 30 years, made in China need to be severely speed light mass into high quality light speed, the need for continuous innovation in more than 10 sectors, to achieve the transition to Chinese wisdom made from the business model, technology and management.